Degree in BSc Agriculture: Future Scope in Agriculture industries in India

You must be wondering why pursue a BSc agriculture course? It’s strange because being an agricultural country with a majority of the Indian population depending on agriculture and allied sectors, a BSc in agriculture still remains the last priority among Indian students while choosing it as a career.

BSc agriculture in India is a broad-based course having many facets. It deals with things like crop production, soil management, food production, dairy farming, animal nutrition, genetics and plant breeding, agricultural economics, animal husbandry etc. Thus pursuing a career in BSc agriculture opens up job opportunities in multiple industries. You can work in government as well as private sectors, research institutions, state agricultural universities, agricultural firms and financial institutions. One more advantage of pursuing a career in the agricultural sector is that it is a recession-proof career. Other industries may face downsizing due to the sluggish economy but the agriculture sector can never face this problem because “food” is the basic necessity of life.

Degree in BSc Agriculture: Future Scope in Agriculture industries in India

Overview of BSc agriculture course in India

BSc agriculture is a four-year (8 semesters) degree course in India. The objective of the course is to train students to improve agricultural productivity by implementing modern techniques and equipment. The syllabus of the course is designed as per the guidelines of ICAR (Indian council of agricultural research) and covers multiple topics ranging from microbiology, plant breeding and genetics, agronomy, plant pathology, statistical method, post-harvest technology to livestock management and agrarian economy. There can be a little variation in syllabus depending on which college/university you are opting to study but the basic structure remains the same.

Best agricultural colleges in India

There are several prestigious colleges/universities in India that offer 4 years degree in BSc agriculture. They are - Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), GH Raisoni University, Saikheda, Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), College of Agriculture, Nagpur, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Pune, Rashtra Sant Tukadoji Maharaj, Nagpur University (RTMNU), Nagpur, Dr, Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (PDKV), Akola, just to name a few. The fee structure and the hostel charges in these colleges vary and students can take admission based on their preferences and financial condition.

Eligibility criteria

Any student who has completed his (10+2) studies in the science stream from a recognised board in India with at least 50% marks is eligible for BSc agriculture admission.

BSc agriculture admission

The admission process for the BSc agriculture course varies from college to college. Some colleges admit students on the basis of written tests and face-to-face interviews while others give admission on the basis of their performance in the BSc agriculture entrance exam, which is followed by a counselling session.

Some of the common entrance exams for BSc agriculture admission in India are:

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination (ICAR AIEEA). Every year National Testing Agency(NTA) conducts this exam at national-level for admission to various agricultural colleges in India
  • AP EAPCET (EAMCET) Agriculture- It is a state-level examination overseen and managed by Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada
  • JET agriculture-It is a state-level joint entrance examination conducted by Agricultural University, Kota
  • TS-EAMCET-It is an entrance exam conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad for students of Telangana.
  • OUAT- Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology conducts this examination every year at a state-level for students of Orissa
Who should do a BSc in Agriculture?

Those students who still think that agriculture is done with the help of bullocks and ploughs must know that these primitive practices are no longer in use and most farmers now use modern techniques and equipment. BSc agriculture course teaches many innovative techniques of agriculture such as tissue culture, biotechnology, microbiology, hybridization, genetics and transplanting. It also deals with controlling diseases, improving crop yield and increasing the nutritional value of fruit and vegetable. Thus the science of agriculture is very broad-based and it needs a more young and inquisitive mind to develop this discipline and meet the expectation of features.

Students who have an inclination toward an agrarian economy of the country and want to learn more about crop cultivation must pursue a BSc agriculture degree.

Additionally, students who have a keen interest in

  • Studying the nature of the soil
  • Changing the traits of plants
  • Developing new varieties of plants,
  • Studying the heredity of plants
  • Studying the causes of diseases in plants

Should opt for a BSc agriculture. This is also a good field for someone who does not want to jump on the bandwagon of the IT industry and go for a career other than engineering and medicine. Though the course is not very lucrative as other professional courses it will fetch you a good return in long run.

Scope of BSc agriculture in India

While it is a common perception that BSc agriculture has very limited scope and those who graduate in this field can work only on farms. But the truth is that there is abundant scope for BSc agriculture graduates in India. They can work in a variety of industries. From agricultural farms to educational institutions, to food processing units, to financial institutions and research centres these graduates are in very high demand. Besides this, they can also go for a specialized postgraduate programme or Masters’ degree in agriculture after completion of BSc agriculture from top Agriculture colleges. Students interested in pursuing a career in teaching and research can go for a doctorate after completion of their post-graduation.

Job profile of a BSc agriculture graduate

To meet the future food demands of the burgeoning population agriculture sector in India is evolving and adopting modern practices of farming and agriculture. This has led to a huge demand for qualified and experienced agricultural specialists. Here are some popular jobs profiles that BSc agricultural graduates can take up after completion of their degree.

  • Agricultural Officer
  • Agriculture Analyst
  • Agronomist
  • Field Officer
  • Plantation Manager
  • Junior Research Fellow
  • Senior Research Fellow
  • Plant Breeder
  • Horticulturist

Government jobs after completion of BSc agriculture

Here are some of the top government organizations that employ BSc agriculture graduates.

India Forest Services (IFS)

BSc agriculture graduates can appear for the UPSC examination after completion of their degree. This prestigious organization recruits eligible candidates for various IFS posts such as chief forest conservator, assistant inspector, deputy inspector and officers under the forestry department of both states as well as union territories. IFS offer very competitive pay and a lucrative career path for its cadres.

India Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

The India council of agricultural research which comes under the department of agriculture research (DARE), Govt. of India offers various jobs for BSC agriculture candidates. As agricultural graduates, they can work in different capacities in ICAR such as agricultural engineers, technical experts, JRF (junior research fellows) and SRF (senior research fellows). The pay package offered by ICAR is at par with any other central government organization.

Food Corporation of India (FCI)

Food Corporation of India (FCI) which comes under the ambit of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government of India, hires individuals with BSc degrees in agriculture for a variety of positions like technical officers and technical managers via an entrance examination and personal interview.

National Bank for agriculture and rural development (NABARD)

National Bank for agriculture and rural development is a financial institution under the aegis of the central government. NABRD which provides financial assistance for agriculture and rural development offers a variety of employment opportunities for BSc agricultural such as agricultural officers, office attendants, office managers and assistant office managers. The selection of candidates is done through an entrance examination and personal interview.

Bank Jobs after BSC agriculture

Besides, central government organizations and financial institutions, banks both private as well as government provide ample employment opportunities to BSc agriculture graduates. The banking and insurance sector appoints BSC agriculture graduates to oversee various banking activities like disbursing agro-loans, reviewing agro-loans, promoting rural financing and co-ordination with NABARD and RRB (regional rural banks). Recruitment in banks is done through examinations held by individual banks.